EV fleet

How EV service fleets can extend their range

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Written by: Alexa Stone

The global light-duty vehicle fleet of 2020 will almost double by 2050. As fleets expand, greater numbers of electric vehicles (EV) will be acquired.

Those predictions were documented in a U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) report, finding that in 2020, less than 1% of fleet vehicles were EV. By 2050, the EV percentage would grow to 31%.[1]

A transition from high maintenance petroleum vehicles brings challenges and opportunities to fleet managers. Proactive steps taken today can reduce acquisition and maintenance costs by better planning for tomorrow’s EV service fleets.

Acquiring equipment and infrastructure

Here today:
More EV choices in a showroom near you

Tech-savvy consumers were early adopters of EV. Today, business and commerce can bring EV light trucks into their fleets. Rivian, a California EV manufacturer founded in 2009, offers the R1T pickup. Some of the auto industry’s largest factories have been retooled. GM offers the 2022 Silverado EV as essential for farm, family, and business use. Ford’s 2022 F-150 EV pickup is being marketed along with eight configurations of E-Transit commercial van.

Coming soon:
Greater range for commercial operations

Green fleet

Recently approved legislation will increase the nation’s EV charging station inventory, but not provide every need. The bill first debated in Congress would have funded 500,000 charging stations by 2030. The pared-down allocation of $7.5 billion was less than 5% of the needed amount.

Even at a reduced scope, fast charging stations will soon serve interstate commerce along major highway corridors. Initial government investment could be a catalyst for greater growth as local utilities, charging service companies, and travel center tenants collaborate with state departments of transportation.

As more charging stations are brought online, improved battery technologies will further extend road routes for commercial EV.

Now arriving:
Increased charging power and speed

The fast chargers of five years ago delivered 50 kW of power. Today, that power has tripled, with further growth expected. Among the options for commercial fleets, charging systems can be housed within containers. When multiple megawatts of DC rectifiers are housed within a single container, site footprint can be reduced, and fewer foundations are required.[2]

Preparing for transformation

EV Infrastructure Planning
ecoPreserve recently conducted feasibility studies for fleet electrifications and assisted the Orlando Utilities Commission in planning an electric vehicle charging infrastructure.

The transition to EVs will fundamentally change fleet operations. Oil changes, tune-ups, and catalytic converters won’t be needed. Gas pumps may remain at many of today’s 150,000 fueling stations, but those pumps will not serve the EV fleet.

A fuel infrastructure for EV service fleets will evolve randomly if not through planning and design. Today’s planning can tailor the infrastructure to support an expected workload. By anticipating what must be measured and planning a sensor network to be monitored, performance can be sustained within budget. The competitive edge of efficient operations will return dividends year after year.

Tailoring the infrastructure[3]

Choices of EV models must match the charging equipment that will be available. Likewise, the planning for EV charging stations cannot overlook which EVs will be in the fleet.

All equipment must serve operational needs. Delivery vans, for example, might be on the road for long workdays. In that case, high-powered DC fast chargers would be needed within a limited time window. Vehicles having intermittent operation, like school busses, would have more time to charge. Less power might effectively meet the need.

For some operations, a Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) application could put a throttle on expense by reducing differences between peak and valley load times. The bidirectional charging stations of a V2G infrastructure deliver power from a grid and can return power to it. Wherever high-capacity vehicle batteries are in use and schedules permit, V2G components should be considered.

Configuring a sensor network[4]

In the absence of yesterday’s timing belts and today’s coolant flushes, EVs will require battery monitoring and maintenance. Continuous data from Internet of Things (IoT) sensors can trigger adjustments to maintenance schedules while predicting supply and equipment needs.

While the technology needs may seem significant, Software as a Service (SaaS) solutions can remove technical roadblocks. SaaS, a well-established benefit of the internet cloud, means that a variety of competitive solutions will be marketed to support EV maintenance.

Mileage and vehicle use data will remain essential in future fleet operations. Because weather, traffic patterns, altitude, and other external factors may impact battery health, those will be key performance indicators (KPIs) for EV service fleets. Battery condition, recharging interval, and energy required will be KPI as well.

SOURCES:

[1] EIA.gov — U.S. Energy Information Administration
[2] BurnsMcD.com — Burns McDonnell
[3] BurnsMcD.com — The Rocky Mountain Institute is a nonprofit organization working to accelerate the clean energy transition.
[4] Forbes.com

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AWARE of CDC and NIH guidelines

The Baseline Property Condition Assessments described in ASTM E2018-15 do not specify consideration of infectious disease transmission concerns. In a pandemic and post-pandemic environment, that inspection and documentation is essential.

Buildings open to the public must comply with local regulations. For best results and greatest public acceptance, any planning for building repairs and maintenance should not overlook current CDC and NIH guidelines.

Optionally, ecoPreserve's can assist with a comprehensive GBAC STAR™ Accreditation which extends beyond the building to include the goals, actions, equipment, and supplies needed to implement best practices for outbreak prevention, response, and recovery.

Tools tailored to location and need

Disaster resilience requires a select toolset, identified, adapted, or created as needed based on planning calls and inclusive workshop participation.

Business and government organizations today are confronted by threat categories that range from drought to flood, from fire to hurricane, and extend globally to pandemics and sea level rise. Threat categories are broad and diverse, but ecoPreserve and collaborating organizations design resiliency tools for specific local context.

Local needs are identified and verified. Building from that essential understanding, tools are designed, tested in pilot programs, refined, then implemented through action plans.

Today's challenges/
tomorrow's potential

ecoPreserve collaborates with major community and private organizations in optimizing the resiliency and resource efficiency of their workplaces, venues, and public spaces.

In response to ever-increasing environmental, sociopolitical, and public health challenges, we advocate for and participate in assessment and planning actions that directly address disaster preparations, recovery activities, infrastructure improvements, and smart building/city design.

Online and in-person workshops

ecoPreserve designs and leads workshops in varied formats, to achieve varied goals.

Often an event is held for skill and knowledge development, but some needs of an organization or community are better resolved through collaboration to identify requirements and to design solutions. A range of Disaster Resilience workshops are available for solutions planning and development, as well as for training and communication.

Disaster Planning and Recovery Workshops

  • Identify technical and business process gaps
  • Define stakeholders, recovery teams, and processes/functionalities necessary for operation
  • Highlight missed expectations from a data loss and recovery time perspective
  • Address compliance with regulatory agencies and industry standards
Here's how to request further information. Thank you for reaching out!

Here's how to request further information. Thank you for reaching out!

Facility Condition Report

The report is prepared in accordance with the recommendations of ASTM E2018-15, Standard Guide for Property Condition Assessments. This is a partial list of contents:

  • PHYSICAL CONDITION
    • General condition of the building, grounds, and appurtenances
    • Physical deficiencies, their significance, and suggested remedies
    • Photographs
    • Safety issues observed
  • INFECTIOUS DISEASE SPREAD POTENTIAL
  • OPPORTUNITIES
    • Potential operating efficiencies
    • Electricity and water use reductions
    • High-efficiency interior and exterior lighting
  • ORDER OF MAGNITUDE RENOVATION BUDGET
    • Recommended interior finishes
    • Construction costs

Risk Mitigation Improvements

  • IAQ
    • Airflow
    • Temperature and humidity
    • Vertical transportation (escalators and elevators)
  • HVAC EQUIPMENT
    • Settings
    • Conditions
    • Capability
    • Filtration
  • FLOORPLAN
    • Traffic patterns
  • FURNISHINGS
    • Placement for social distancing
    • Clear barriers where social distancing is not possible

Interior Elements

  • Foundation
  • Building frame and roof
  • Structural elements
    • Floors, walls, ceilings
    • Access and egress
    • Vertical transportation (escalators and elevators)
  • HVAC equipment and ductwork
  • Utilities
    • Electrical
    • Plumbing
  • Safety and fire protection

Grounds and Appurtenances

  • Façades or curtainwall
  • Topography
  • Storm water drainage
  • Paving, curbing, and parking
  • Flatwork
  • Landscaping
  • Recreational facilities
Here's how to request further information. Thank you for reaching out!

AWARE of CDC and NIH guidelines

The Baseline Property Condition Assessments described in ASTM E2018-15 do not specify consideration of infectious disease transmission concerns. In a pandemic and post-pandemic environment, that inspection and documentation is essential.

Buildings open to the public must comply with local regulations. For best results and greatest public acceptance, any planning for building repairs and maintenance should not overlook current CDC and NIH guidelines.

Optionally, ecoPreserve's can assist with a comprehensive GBAC STAR™ Accreditation which extends beyond the building to include the goals, actions, equipment, and supplies needed to implement best practices for outbreak prevention, response, and recovery.

An OPTIMIZED Assessment

Certified Sustainability Consultants on a facility assessment team can discover ways to lower energy costs. Their understanding of HVAC equipment suitability and condition along with the specifics of LED lighting retrofits can provide offsets for needed investments in upgrades and replacements.

Knowledge of water systems can bring further savings while averting water waste. It can all be part of an assessment which might otherwise overlook water fixtures and irrigation schedules.

How should a facility be ASSESSED?

A thorough facility assessment finds the issues - on the surface or below - which have a potential negative impact on the building. That brings the facility to meet building codes. Beyond that, the assessment proactively addresses the deficiencies not covered by code.

The occupants of a building benefit as the assessment reveals conditions having a potential impact on their health or safety. The assessment must not overlook those conditions, nor fail to consider the frequency and duration of occupant visits.